Mérida is the capital of the state of Yucatan. The city was founded in 1542 by Francisco de Montejo “El Mozo” and built on the site of the old ceremonial center of T’hó (five hills in Mayan) of the city of Ichcaanzihó. Its name is due to the similarities that the conquerors found between the ruins of the Maya T’hó and the Roman ones of the old Mérida of Spain.
After the arrival of the Spanish, the ancient Mayan city was destroyed and its ruins used for the construction of the cathedral of Mérida and other important buildings.
Mérida was built as a walled city, so several of the old gates of the city still remain intact. It also has the second largest historical center of Mexico surpassed only by that of Mexico City.
Mérida received its nickname of the White City, due to the predominance of the limestone of this color that was used like material of construction; although the inhabitants say that it also has to do with the cleanliness of the streets, the public areas and how safe it is.
As a result of its unique geographical location, strong Spanish influence and isolation from other parts of Mexico, Mérida developed a distinctive cultural and political identity. The unique culture and traditions you will experience when traveling to this city are evident in local clothing, language, cuisine and the way celebrations and parties are celebrated.
In Yucatan, not only Spanish is spoken with a distinctive accent, but also a third of the population of the state of Yucatan speaks Yucatecan Maya. The cuisine in Mérida is also different from traditional Mexican food, as it has been influenced by the local indigenous culture, as well as by the Caribbean, Mexican, European and Middle Eastern flavors.
Townhall (999) 924 40 00
Municipal police (999) 942 00 60
Municipal Civil Protection Unit (999) 928 83 11
Municipal Tourist Police (999) 942 00 60
Public security Secretary 066 y (999) 930 32 00
Red Cross 065 y (999) 924 98 13 y (999) 928 53 91
Green Angels (on-road support for tourists) 078 y (999) 983 11 84
Central Fire Station 066 y (999) 924 92 42 y (999) 923 29 71
Federal electricity commission 071
The climate of Mérida is warm or very hot and humid all year round, so when you visit the city you should be prepared with cool and comfortable clothes.
In general, the climate is tropical warm, humid, with rains in summer (from June to October) and an average monthly temperature of 25 ° C.
|Average climatic parameters of Mérida (1951–2010)|
|Absolute Maxi. Tem. (°C)||38.5||38.5||42.0||43.0||43.0||41.5||40.0||43.0||40.0||39.0||39.0||38.5||43.0|
|Average Max. Temp. (°C)||30.0||31.0||34.0||35.6||36.3||35.3||35.0||34.9||34.2||32.7||30.5||29.6||33.5|
|Average Temp. (°C)||18.0||20.4||23.3||27.9||29.0||28.5||28.2||28.1||27.9||24.8||22.4||20.0||25|
|Average Min. Temp. (°C)||13.2||14.3||15.6||18.2||21.7||21.6||21.4||21.3||21.6||19.8||16.3||14..0||18.5|
|Absolute Min. Temp. (°C)||4.0||5.0||7.0||9.0||10.0||14.0||15.0||15.0||14.0||10.0||9.0||5.0||4.0|
|Rainy Days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.2||3.3||2.3||1.9||4.6||10.8||13.4||12.8||13.9||9.7||5.4||4.3||86.6|
|Hours Of Sun||208.6||205.9||241.8||254.1||273.2||231.0||246.1||247.9||208.5||218.5||212.4||201.8||2749.8|
|Source # 1: National Weather Service (humidity 1981–2000)|
|Source # 2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)|
The time in Mérida is GMT – 6 hour. More info
The power supply in Mexico is 127 Volts with 60Hz frequency and A/B plugs and sockets. More info
In Mexican territory, a personal identification document with a photo such as a passport or a driver’s license is required.
The international prefix for Mexico is +52